Topics : Taking control Economists have also suggested people may be trying to eliminate one risk that is relatively easy and superficial, rather than doing something more costly that may reduce their risk a greater amount.This is known as “Zero risk bias.””My guess is we want to feel in control and have limited budgets,” said Farasat Bokhari, a health economist at the University of East Anglia in Great Britain.”So we go buy something that is cheap to buy, that we can store, and we know at the back of our minds that we are going to use anyway,” he said. A more expensive but necessary item to stock might be non-perishable food — but if frozen meals, canned foods and ramen aren’t exactly your favorites, you could be stuck with a big bill for items you eventually throw away, should the worst fail to materialize.According to Taylor, many of the behaviors we see now also occurred in previous pandemics, including the Spanish flu in 1918, which killed almost 700,000 Americans and sent panicked citizens to stores and pharmacies to hoard goods.Some at the time even floated the conspiracy theory the virus may have been a bioweapon devised by Germany. The new coronavirus has been called a Chinese weapon and an American bioweapon, depending on who is making the accusation.One key difference between the current pandemic and those before it is the ubiquity of social media — the swine flu pandemic of 2009 happened when the medium was still relatively new — and Taylor sees both pluses and negatives.”That’s enabled the reverberations of dramatic images and videos throughout the world, inflating people’s sense of threat and urgency,” said Taylor.On the other hand, “Social media can be great for social support, particularly if you’re in self isolation.”So are we destined for a breakdown in social cohesion if the pandemic stretches out? History says no, said Taylor.”Rioting and bad behavior in previous pandemics has been relatively uncommon — it has happened, there have been outbreaks, but the main response has been one of order, of people coming together, of solidarity, helping each other out and doing their best as a community to deal with this.” “And so I think this is one reason they latched on to the toilet paper, because it’s a means of avoiding disgust.” But this doesn’t explain it entirely — toilet paper can’t save you from infection, and we haven’t yet seen the same level of hoarding for more key items like canned foods — so something else is clearly afoot.”I think it probably stuck out in the dramatic images in social media because it was quite clear, the packets are quite distinctive and it’s become associated in the minds of people as a symbol of safety,” Steven Taylor, author of “The Psychology of Pandemics” told AFP.”People feel the need to do something to keep themselves and their family safe, because what else can they do apart from wash their hands and self-isolate?” added the psychiatry professor at the University of British Columbia.Another theory Taylor put forward is rooted in our evolutionary aversion to things which disgust us, heightened when people feel threatened with infection. It’s a scene that’s become familiar around the world: From the US to France to Australia, rows of empty supermarket shelves where toilet paper used to be, the result of coronavirus-induced panic buying.What exactly is it about the rolls of tissue that has caused mayhem across cultures, including at times violent clashes that have reverberated on social media?At its most basic, say experts, the answer lies in game theory: If everyone buys only what they need, there will be no shortages. If some people start panic buying, the optimal strategy will be for you to follow suit, to make certain you have enough squares to spare.
SAN ANTONIO (AP): San Antonio improved to 26-0 on home court this season by beating Orlando 107-92 on Monday night, led by a season-high 28 points from LaMarcus Aldridge. The Spurs edged within four games of Golden State Warriors in the fight over the top seed in the NBA Western Conference. They also stayed four games ahead of Oklahoma City, who beat Washington, thanks to a triple double from Russell Westbrook. Westbrook had his seventh triple-double of the season as the Thunder won 114-98. Westbrook had 17 points, 13 rebounds and 11 assists, and got the best of his match-up with Washington point guard John Wall. Kevin Durant scored 28 points for the Thunder, who have won 11 of 12. Among other key results, Cleveland were forced to overtime at Indiana, but notched a fifth straight win, 111-106. Atlanta defeated Dallas 112-97 to move into a virtual tie with Miami for top spot in the Southeast Division. San Antonio’s Aldridge shot nine for 13 from the field to pace the Spurs. Australian Patty Mills matched a season-high with 22 points, going three for four on three-pointers. San Antonio found their defensive footing late in the third quarter to separate from Orlando. The Spurs outscored the Magic 24-8 to overcome a 70-69 deficit with 1 1/2 minutes left in the third quarter. Nikola Vucevic led Orlando with 20 points and 10 rebounds. Cleveland’s Kyrie Irving scored 25 points as the Cavaliers won in overtime at Indiana. LeBron James had 24 points – but only seven after half-time – with 12 rebounds, and the Cavaliers extended their lead in the Central Division to nine games and won in Indiana for the first time in six years.
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Indonesians are relatively more optimistic on the outlook of the economy and will spend more in the future as businesses are forced to adapt to changing consumer behavior to endure the economic effects of the pandemic, several surveys show.More than half of Indonesian respondents say they are optimistic that the economy will rebound within two to three months, faring better than most countries around the world, according to a new McKinsey & Company survey on Indonesia consumer sentiment during the coronavirus crisis.Another McKinsey article titled “A global view of how consumer behavior is changing amid COVID-19” states that optimism correlates with an increase in spending. “Chinese consumers’ optimism results in a net increase in expected future spending, a situation also observed in Indonesia, Nigeria and India,” reads the report. “Most European consumers are less optimistic and, as a result, expect to spend less”.Indonesia’s consumer-driven economy relies on household spending, which accounts for nearly 60 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).The economy is expected to grow 2.3 percent this year, the lowest since 1999, or contract by 0.4 percent under the worst-case scenario as businesses and workers, consequently households, are paralyzed during the pandemic, government calculations project.Business sectors that rise and fall in stay-at-home economy. (Inventure/”30 Consumer Behavior Shiftings”) Another report from market research firm Kantar Indonesia points to manageable concerns over COVID-19 from the perspective of Indonesians. Based on a sample of 6,428 people on March 25, 68 percent of Indonesians were concerned but said they knew what to do, while 10 percent were very concerned and did not know what to do.“We see that Indonesians are concerned but assured,” Kantar Indonesia wrote. “Indonesia and Malaysia are the only countries in the region that have maintained a net-positive sentiment in their social media chatter about COVID-19.”While the reports point to consumer optimism in the future, spending will remain cautious and targeted with a big shift in consumer needs, requiring businesses to adapt to changing consumer behavior.“Think of now as the new normal. We must take action,” said branding and marketing expert Yuswohady on April 13, during a webinar series hosted by Inventure Knowledge on COVID-19 and its impact on businesses. He urged businesses to be quick in adapting to the crisis, saying that “agility is key”.Inventure released a briefing document titled “30 Consumer Behavior Shiftings” as a navigation guide for businesses to survive amid a spike in layoffs, poverty and bankruptcy that the government has forecast.As the government tries to soften the economic shocks from the COVID-19 pandemic through tax breaks and cash transfers, businesses are urged to play their part in adapting to recent trends. Here are several major consumer behavior shifts that could present as business opportunities amid the pandemic, based on Inventure’s new report. Digital channels, delivery services and subscription models matterRegardless of the product or service, there are three common areas that companies can work on to build up their resilience amid the pandemic: strengthening delivery services, bolstering digital channels and considering a subscription model. The last one will work well when the first two have already been established.“COVID-19 will become a catalyst to the development of the subscription business model,” concludes the Inventure report, explaining that the trend in routine online purchases will be accommodated well under the model as the consumer will attain cheaper prices while companies can be certain that there will be a steady flow of demand.‘”Jamu” is the new espresso’Aside from a turn to self-sufficiency, consumers are increasingly focused on health and well-being as a result of the pandemic. This has resulted in a spike in the consumption of vitamins, online fitness programs and online health consultations.More than three out of four consumers in Australia, India, Indonesia, South Korea and Thailand that McKinsey & Company surveyed for their report — titled “Reimagining food retail in Asia after COVID-19” — say that they are “focusing on boosting immunity through more exercise and healthy living”.As part of consumers’ pursuit of immunity boosts, many are turning to traditional remedies, according to a report from global market research firm Mintel titled “How COVID-19 is impacting food and drink markets in Southeast Asia”.For Indonesian consumers, that traditional remedy is the traditional herbal drink, jamu.“The COVID-19 pandemic is making jamu into a lifestyle. Jamu is the new espresso,” the Inventure report says, noting that a number of jamu producers have seen an increase in revenue of up to 50 percent. It predicts that the habit of drinking jamu will be “a new normal” and that jamu cafes will be more common in the future.Read also: ‘Pay attention’, ‘transform’: Pandemic shifts business landscape, strategyEmerging virtual social activitiesIn order to stay connected with friends and family members, many consumers are opting for “virsocial” (virtual social) activities, which means that they do activities in the comfort of their own homes but connected to their peers with the help of teleconferencing platforms.Inventure’s report suggests that this behavior is driven by the desire to reduce the monotonous day-to-day life in quarantine. Businesses can tap into this growing market by replicating what DOOgether, an online platform for sports and activities, did in the midst of the pandemic, Inventure noted.The platform launched two new features #dirumahaja (#stayathome) exercise by DOOgether and DOOlive, which enables consumers to follow live classes as well as numerous videos-on-demand in partnership with local wellness studios to guide consumers’ daily exercises.“DOOlive helps local studio partners, as well as the trainers teaching live classes, with income,” DOOgether chief executive officer Fauzan Gani said in a statement published on April 7, as quoted by kontan.co.id.Read also: Three stages of emotion on COVID-19 journey: Where are you now?‘Zoom-able’ workplace at home“The work-from-home trend will give birth to a new industry that is the home office industry, which includes furniture, interior design, office devices and housing property designs that have workspaces,” the Inventure report reads.Regions across Indonesia have implemented large-scale social restriction (PSBB) measures that include public area, school and house-of-worship closures, except for essential needs. President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has also urged Indonesians to work, study and pray from home.This has led to corporate meetings being facilitated by teleconferencing platforms such as Zoom and Google Hangouts. In relation to the recent mass adoption of the platforms, data from Google Trend show an increase in searches for home office equipment keywords, for example, “best computer monitor”, in early March.Furniture store IKEA and electronics goods chain BestBuy have seen an increase in sales of office furniture as well, the Inventure report says.Read also: Online groceries thrive as customers avoid supermarketsHome-cooking makes a comebackConsumers are starting to build on the habit of home cooking due to the implementation of social-distancing measures. Based on research by Moz, a software as a service (SaaS) company, among the most searched items on Google during the social-distancing period are family recipes and home baking.“We’re seeing growing interest in at-home cooking, which presents challenges and opportunities for brands looking to engage with those preparing and enjoying tasty meals at home,” Mintel’s Asia Pacific food and drink analyst Tan Heng Hong said. The behavior is driven by more time being spent at home, he added.Relevant business opportunities include instant seasoning, food preparation, “ready to serve” cooking such as frozen food, as well as running a cooking and recipes platform, as noted by the Inventure report.Topics :
She was anxious about the risk of contagion on public transportation.The 40-year-old contract employee of a ministry decided to wear a pair of fabric gloves during her commute in addition to a face mask.“Because I have children at home — one of whom is a toddler,” she said. “That’s why I am more prepared when boarding the train.”State-owned commuter line operator PT KCI made it a requirement for passengers to wear face masks inside the station and on the train when the large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) were first imposed in April. Passengers not wearing a mask will be prohibited from using their services. Fabric gloves and other protective gear for passengers are optional. This article is part of The Jakarta Post’s “Forging the New Norm” special coverage series on how people are forging their lives anew to adjust to the new realities of COVID-19 in Indonesia.As the Jakarta administration gradually eases COVID-19 social restrictions and reopens certain business sectors, people are preparing themselves for a safe commute on public transit.Triastuti boarded a commuter line train to her office in Jakarta for the first time last Thursday after two months working remotely from her house in Tigaraksa, Banten. “I wear [fabric gloves] so that I do not come into direct contact with surfaces. Many people may have touched, for instance, handrails. Who knows, they might be carrying the disease,” Triastuti said.The Jakarta administration began loosening restrictions last Friday by allowing houses of worship to reopen, while offices and shops resumed operation at half capacity on Monday. The reopening has caused a surge of passengers at several commuter line stations during rush hours, according to local media reports.Read also: Bustling Jakarta returns with vengeance as lockdown easesTo cope with the increasing number of passengers, KCI, Transjakarta, as well as the MRT and LRT have now extended operational hours and the number of trips.Besides continuing to enforce mandatory mask-wearing on public transit, the commuter line operator is also introducing additional health protocols in its facilities, including a ban on elderly people boarding trains during rush hours and a blanket ban on infants. All rail operators are advising passengers on trains to avoid talking directly with fellow passengers or making phone calls on the grounds that the virus spreads through droplets. The number of passengers allowed to enter each car is also limited.Floribertus Oni, 54, a private employee who cannot afford to work from home during the pandemic, has long been alarmed by the risk of contagion on mass transit.Oni works in a logistics and transportation company in Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta, one of the essential sectors allowed to remain operational during the PSBB and the city’s current transition to a “new normal”.He always wore a mask when commuting from Serpong in South Tangerang, Banten, to his office in the past two months. But as he observed the number of commuter line passengers increasing day by day after the Idul Fitri holiday in late May, he said he would consider wearing more protection.“I do not think it is necessary for now. But at some point in the near future, wearing a face shield and gloves will be necessary,” Oni said. “Many passengers will cram into the train, even the security might find it difficult to control the situation.”Transportation experts were cautious about the potential surge in the use of private vehicles, particularly motorcycles, after Jakarta relaxed restrictions, as people feared getting infected while using public transportation.Read also: No odd-even policy yet during transition period, Anies saysBut commuting by motorcycle is not an option for Triastuti, who must travel over 35 kilometers from her house to her office in Kebon Jeruk, West Jakarta.Oni, meanwhile, cited high fuel prices and exhausting driving as reasons why he did not drive his car to work.Theresia Ajun, 54, has seen a face shield as mandatory for commuting in the past month. “I feel something is missing if I only wear a face mask. I have to be more cautious because of my age. I am in the age group vulnerable to COVID-19.”Before the pandemic, Theresia commuted around three times a week from Maja in Banten to Grogol Petamburan in West Jakarta to take care of her grandchildren. When the outbreak hit the country, she reduced the frequency of her visits to once a week.Read also: Curbing transmission on public transport not as simple as banning passengers: ExpertsAs cities began gradually easing restrictions, she said she hoped all commuters would implement health protocols as mandated by public transport operators.Around 3.2 million Greater Jakarta residents are commuters, according to the 2019 Greater Jakarta Commuter Survey by Statistics Indonesia (BPS). Of that figure, 2.5 million are office workers who commute daily.Some urbanites such as Fitra Andika, 33, prefer commuting to work by bike to avoid possible crowds when using public transit. Fitra had relied on the Transjakarta buses before the outbreak hit Indonesia. His employer is implementing temporary work shifts to prevent contagion.Deddy Herlambang from Transportation Study Institute (INSTRAN) said traffic congestion, air pollution and the traffic accident rate would worsen if not addressed properly. “Unlike during the previous phases of PSBB, congestion might now return to the city roads, thus worsening air pollution. [Exposure to air pollution] would weaken people’s immunity.”Jakarta has long struggled with traffic congestion, with private vehicles making up over 70 percent of vehicle use in the city. Many believe this has contributed to the dirty air in the capital.Deddy suggested that public transportation operators improve hygiene and deploy more workers across the transit networks to report overcrowding and assist passengers in applying physical distancing in order to lure people back to public transit, at the same time protecting them from the disease.Topics :