Changes in the metastability of the Southern Hemisphere 500-hPa circulation are examined using both cluster analysis techniques and split-flow blocking indices. The cluster methodology is a purely data-driven approach for parameterization whereby a multiscale approximation to nonstationary dynamical processes is achieved through optimal sequences of locally stationary fast vector autoregressive factor (VARX) processes and some slow (or persistent) hidden process switching between them. Comparison is made with blocking indices commonly used in weather forecasting and climate analysis to identify dynamically relevant metastable regimes in the 500-hPa circulation in both reanalysis and Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) datasets. The analysis characterizes the metastable regime in both reanalysis and model datasets prior to 1978 as positive and negative phases of a hemispheric midlatitude blocking state with the southern annular mode (SAM) associated with a transition state. Post-1978, the SAM emerges as a true metastable state replacing the negative phase of the hemispheric blocking pattern. The hidden state frequency of occurrences exhibits strong trends. The blocking pattern dominates in the early 1980s, and then gradually decreases. There is a corresponding increase in the SAM frequency of occurrence. This trend is largely evident in the reanalysis summer and spring but was not evident in the AMIP dataset. Further comparison with the split-flow blocking indices reveals a superficial correspondence between the cluster hidden state frequency of occurrences and split-flow indices. Examination of composite states shows that the blocking indices capture splitting of the zonal flow whereas the cluster composites reflect coherent block formation. Differences in blocking climatologies from the respective methods are discussed.
in the process of economic development, many local banks surged. But due to many reasons of itself, lead to mismanagement, thus facing the situation of put up the shutters. Anhui Huoqiu rural commercial bank non-performing loans, interest loans accounted for close to 20% mark, the overall decline in profitability indicators, hidden in the financial system in capillaries many rural commercial banks, is being ushered in difficult times.
is located in the central region of Huoqiu, Anhui agricultural firm is such a sample. According to data previously disclosed by the bank, as of the end of 2015, non-performing loans, the total amount of loans concerned, has accounted for about 17.7% of the bank’s loan balance over the same period. Meanwhile, the bank’s operating income, interest income and other indicators have fallen sharply, as the main source of income, the bank’s interest income in 2015 fell 25%, commission and fee income is a loss of $7 million 210 thousand.
however, the example of Huoqiu agricultural firm is not uncommon. Similarly in the central Jiangxi, as well as coastal developed areas of Shandong, a similar situation. Earlier, in 2013, Jiangsu, a farm business operating profit or even a loss.
"agricultural firm operating conditions are not good, there are their own reasons, but also talent, historical legacy and operating environment factors." The banking industry to the first financial daily correspondent analysis, if the focus of bad loans, business environment continues to deteriorate, the situation will be even worse in many agricultural firms. To change this situation, for this plan, only from their own management, business level to seek a breakthrough.
bad, concern loans accounted for close to 18%
2015 report information disclosure published
Huoqiu agricultural firm on display before, at the end of last year, the bank non-performing loans totaled 232 million yuan, up 91 million 926 thousand and 300 yuan more than last year; non-performing loan ratio reached 4.64%, an increase of 1.4 percentage points.
according to the information disclosure report data, Huoqiu rural commercial bank non-performing loans mainly from doubtful loans, as of the balance at the end of last year was 198 million yuan, in the total loans accounted for about 3.96%; followed by subprime loans, amounted to 34 million 60 thousand yuan, accounting for about 0.68%, while the loss class loan balance is zero.
Huoqiu agricultural firm is a young agricultural firm. The bank was founded in March 2015, is located in the western region of Lu’an, Anhui, is a county agricultural firms. At the end of last year, the registered capital of 432 million yuan, with a total of 53 branches, 561 employees, total assets of 9 billion 571 million yuan, deposit and loan balance of 8 billion 690 million yuan, 4 billion 990 million yuan, Huoqiu is the largest local banking financial institutions.
Huoqiu agricultural firms, in the full recommended